Implementation of a new aerosol HAM model within the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) modeling system
R. Mashayekhi1,2, P. Irannejad1, J. Feichter2, and A. A. Bidokhti11Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran 2Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
Received: 23 May 2009 – Accepted for review: 04 Jun 2009 – Discussion started: 01 Jul 2009
Abstract. A new coupled system of aerosol HAM model and the Weather, Research and Forecasting (WRF) model is presented in this paper. Unlike the current aerosol schemes used in WRF model, the HAM is using a "pseudomodal" approach for the representation of the particle size distribution. The aerosol components considered are sulfate, black carbon, particulate organic matter, sea salt and mineral dust. The preliminary model results are presented for two different 6-day simulation periods from 22 to 28 February 2006 as a winter period and 6 to 12 May 2006 as a mild period. The mean shortwave radiation and thermal forcing were calculated from the model simulations with and without aerosols feedback for two simulation periods. A negative radiative forcing and cooling of the atmosphere were found mainly over the regions of high emission of mineral dust. The absorption of shortwave radiation by black carbon caused warming effects in some regions with positive radiative forcing. The simulated daily mean sulfate mass concentration showed a rather good agreement with the measurements in the European EMEP network. The diurnal variation of the simulated hourly PM10 mass concentration at Tehran was also qualitatively close to the observations in both simulation periods. The model captured diurnal cycle and the magnitude of the observed PM10 concentration during most of the simulation periods. The differences between the observed and simulated PM10 concentration resulted mostly from limitation of the model in simulating the clouds and precipitation, transport errors and uncertainties in the particulate emission rates. The inclusion of aerosols feedback in shortwave radiation scheme improved the simulated daily mean shortwave radiation fluxes in Tehran for both simulation periods.
Mashayekhi, R., Irannejad, P., Feichter, J., and Bidokhti, A. A.: Implementation of a new aerosol HAM model within the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) modeling system, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 2, 681-707, doi:10.5194/gmdd-2-681-2009, 2009.