A multi-level canopy radiative transfer scheme for ORCHIDEE
(SVN r2566), based on a domain-averaged structure factor
Matthew J. McGrath1,*, James Ryder1,*, Bernard Pinty2, Juliane Otto1,a, Kim Naudts1,b, Aude Valade3, Yiying Chen1,c, James Weedon4, and Sebastiaan Luyssaert1,d1Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France 2Land Resources Management Unit, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy 3Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Place Jussieu 4, 75010 Paris, France 4VU Amsterdam, Department of Ecological Science, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands anow at: Climate Service Center Germany, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, 20095 Hamburg bnow at: Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany cnow at: National Central University, Graduate Institute of Hydrological & Oceanic Sciences, Taoyuan City, Taiwan dnow at: VU Amsterdam, Department of Ecological Science, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands *Equal contributions
Received: 03 Nov 2016 – Accepted for review: 11 Nov 2016 – Discussion started: 16 Nov 2016
Abstract. In order to better simulate heat fluxes over multilayer ecosystems, in particular tropical forests and savannahs, the next generation of Earth system models will likely include vertically-resolved vegetation structure and multi-level energy budgets. We present here a multi-level radiation transfer scheme which is capable of being used in conjunction with such methods. It is based on a previously established scheme which encapsulates the three dimensional nature of canopies, through the use of a domain-averaged structure factor, referred to here as the effective leaf area index. The fluxes are tracked throughout the canopy in an iterative fashion until they escape into the atmosphere or are absorbed by the canopy or soil; this approach explicitly includes multiple scattering between the canopy layers. A series of tests show that the results from the two-layer case are in acceptable agreement with those from the single layer, although the computational cost is necessarily increased due to the iterations. The ten-layer case is less precise, but still provides results to within an acceptable range. This new approach allows for the calculation of radiation transfer in vertically resolved vegetation canopies simulated in global circulation models.
McGrath, M. J., Ryder, J., Pinty, B., Otto, J., Naudts, K., Valade, A., Chen, Y., Weedon, J., and Luyssaert, S.: A multi-level canopy radiative transfer scheme for ORCHIDEE
(SVN r2566), based on a domain-averaged structure factor, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-280, in review, 2016.