Coupling of the regional climate model COSMO-CLM using OASIS3-MCT with regional ocean, land surface or global atmosphere model: description and performance
Stefan Weiher1, Naveed Akhtar2, Jennifer Brauch3, Marcus Breil4, Edouard Davin5, Ha T. M. Ho-Hagemann6, Eric Maisonnave7, Markus Thürkow8, and Andreas Will11Lehrstuhl Umweltmeteorologie, BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg 2Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main 3DWD Offenbach (Main) 4KIT Karlsruhe 5ETH Zürich 6HZG Geesthacht 7CERFACS, Toulouse 8Freie Universität Berlin
Received: 28 Feb 2016 – Accepted for review: 23 Mar 2016 – Discussion started: 20 Apr 2016
Abstract. We present the prototype of a regional climate system model based on the COSMO-CLM regional climate model coupled with several model components, analyze the performance of the couplings and present a strategy to find an optimum configuration with respect to computational costs and time to solution.
The OASIS3-MCT coupler is used to couple COSMO-CLM with two land surface models (CLM and VEG3D), a regional ocean model for the Mediterranean Sea (NEMO-MED12), two ocean models for the North and Baltic Sea (NEMO-NORDIC and TRIMNP+CICE) and the atmospheric component of an earth system model (MPI-ESM). We present a unified OASIS3-MCT interface which handles all couplings in a similar way, minimizes the model source code modifications and describes the physics and numerics of the couplings. Furthermore, we discuss solutions for specific regional coupling problems like handling of different domains, multiple usage of MCT interpolation library and efficient exchange of 3D fields.
A series of real-case simulations over Europe has been conducted and the computational performance of the couplings has been analyzed. The usage of the LUCIA tool of the OASIS3-MCT coupler enabled separation of the direct costs of: coupling, load imbalance and additional computations. The resulting limits for time to solution and costs are shown and the potential of further improvement of the computational efficiency is summarized for each coupling.
It was found that the OASIS3-MCT coupler keeps the direct coupling costs of communication and horizontal interpolation small in comparison with the costs of the additional computations and load imbalance for all investigated couplings. For the first time this could be demonstrated for an exchange of approximately 450 2D fields per time step necessary for the atmosphere-atmosphere coupling between COSMO-CLM and MPI-ESM.
A procedure for finding an optimum configuration for each of the couplings was developed considering the time to solution and costs of the simulations. The optimum configurations are presented for sequential and concurrent coupling layouts. The procedure applied can be regarded as independent on the specific coupling layout and coupling details.
Weiher, S., Akhtar, N., Brauch, J., Breil, M., Davin, E., Ho-Hagemann, H. T. M., Maisonnave, E., Thürkow, M., and Will, A.: Coupling of the regional climate model COSMO-CLM using OASIS3-MCT with regional ocean, land surface or global atmosphere model: description and performance, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-47, in review, 2016.