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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2019-149
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2019-149
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: development and technical paper 01 Jul 2019

Submitted as: development and technical paper | 01 Jul 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Geoscientific Model Development (GMD).

An aerosol climatology for global models based on the tropospheric aerosol scheme in the Integrated Forecasting System of ECMWF

Alessio Bozzo1,a, Angela Benedetti1, Johannes Flemming1, Zak Kipling1, and Samuel Rémy1,2 Alessio Bozzo et al.
  • 1ECMWF, Reading, UK
  • 2IPSL, UPMC-CNRS, Paris, France
  • anow at: EUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany

Abstract. An aerosol climatology to represent aerosols in the radiation schemes of Global Atmospheric Models was recently developed. We derived the climatology from a reanalysis of atmospheric composition produced by the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS). As an example of application into a global atmospheric model, we discuss the technical aspects of the implementation in the Integrated Forecasting System of European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF-IFS) and the impact of the new climatology on the medium-range weather forecasts and one-year simulations. The new aerosol climatology was derived by combining a set of model simulation with constrained meteorological conditions and an atmospheric composition reanalysis for the period 2003–2014 produced by the IFS. The aerosol fields of the re-analysis are constrained by assimilating Aerosol optical thickness (AOT) retrievals product by the MODIS instruments. In a further step, we used modelled aerosol fields to correct the aerosol speciation and the vertical profiles of the aerosol reanalysis fields. The new climatology provides the monthly-mean mass mixing ratio of five aerosol species constrained by assimilated MODIS AOT. Using the new climatology in the ECMWF-IFS leads to changes in direct aerosol radiative effect compared to the climatology previously implemented, which have a small, but non-negligible impact on the forecast skill of large-scale weather patterns in the medium-range. However, details of the regional distribution of aerosol radiative forcing can have a large local impact. This is the case for the area of the Arabian Peninsula and the northern Indian Ocean. Here changes in the radiative forcing of the mineral dust significantly improve the Summer Monsoon circulation.

Alessio Bozzo et al.
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Status: final response (author comments only)
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Short summary
Aerosols are tiny particles of natural and anthropogenic origin transported by the winds in the Earth Atmosphere. These particles play a key role in the energy budget of our Planet. In numerical models of the Earth Atmosphere, aerosols spatial distribution are often represented by conditions averaged over several years. We prepared a new aerosol climatology and used it in a numerical weather model. We show that, in certain regions, aerosols can affect the quality of numerical weather forecasts.
Aerosols are tiny particles of natural and anthropogenic origin transported by the winds in the...
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