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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: development and technical paper 22 Jul 2019

Submitted as: development and technical paper | 22 Jul 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Geoscientific Model Development (GMD).

Implementation of a synthetic inflow turbulence generator in idealised WRF v3.6.1 large eddy simulations under neutral atmospheric conditions

Jian Zhong1, Xiaoming Cai1, and Zheng-Tong Xie2 Jian Zhong et al.
  • 1School of Geography, Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
  • 2School of Engineering Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK

Abstract. A synthetic inflow turbulence generator was implemented in the idealised Weather Research and Forecasting large eddy simulation (WRF-LES v3.6.1) model under neutral atmospheric conditions. This method is based on an exponential correlation function, and generates a series of two-dimensional slices of data which are correlated both in space and in time. These data satisfy a spectrum with a near −5/3 inertial subrange, suggesting its excellent capability for high Reynolds number atmospheric flows. It is more computationally efficient than other synthetic turbulence generation approaches, such as three-dimensional digital filter methods. A WRF-LES model with periodic boundary conditions was configured to provide a priori turbulent information for the synthetic turbulence generation method and used as an evaluation for the inflow case. The comparison shows that the inflow case generated similar turbulence structures as these in the periodic case after a short adjustment distance. The inflow case yielded a mean velocity profile in a good agreement with the desired one, and 2nd order moment statistics profiles close to the desired ones after a short distance. For the range of the integral length scale which we tested, its influence on the profiles of the mean velocities is not significant, whereas its influence on the second moment statistics profiles is evident, in particular for very small integral length scales. This implementation can be extended to the WRF-LES simulation of a horizontally inhomogeneous case with non-repeated surface landuse pattern and a multi-scale seamless nesting case from a meso-scale domain with a km-resolution down to LES domains with metre resolutions.

Jian Zhong et al.
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Jian Zhong et al.
Model code and software

WRFv3.6.1_inflow_idealised_LES J. Zhong, X. Cai, and Z.-T. Xie

Jian Zhong et al.
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