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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2019-288
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2019-288
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: model evaluation paper 26 Nov 2019

Submitted as: model evaluation paper | 26 Nov 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Geoscientific Model Development (GMD).

Marine biogeochemical cycling and oceanic CO2 uptake simulated by the NUIST Earth System Model version 3

Yifei Dai1,3, Long Cao2, and Bin Wang1,3 Yifei Dai et al.
  • 1Earth System Modeling Center, and Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjin 210044, China
  • 2Department of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • 3Department of Atmospheric Sciencesand Atmosphere-Ocean Research Center, University of Hawaii, Honolulu HI 96822, USA

Abstract. In this study, we evaluate the performance of Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology Earth System Model, version 3 (hereafter NESM v3) in simulating the marine biogeochemical cycle and CO2 uptake. Compared with observations, NESM v3 reproduces reasonably well the large-scale patterns of upper ocean biogeochemical fields including nutrients, alkalinity, dissolved inorganic, chlorophyll, and net primary production. The model also reasonably reproduces current-day oceanic CO2 uptake, the total CO2 uptake is 149 PgC from 1850 to 2016. In the 1ptCO2 experiment, the NESM v3 produced carbon-climate (γ=-7.9 PgC/K) and carbon-concentration sensitivity parameters (β=0.8 PgC/ppm) are comparable with CMIP5 model results. The nonlinearity of carbon uptake in the NESM v3 accounts for 10.3% of the total carbon uptake, which is within the range of CMIP5 model results (3.6%~10.6%). Some regional discrepancies between model simulations and observations are identified and the possible causes are investigated. In the upper ocean, the simulated biases in biogeochemical fields are mainly associated with the shortcoming in simulated ocean circulation. Weak upwelling in the Indian Ocean suppresses the nutrient entrainment to the upper ocean, therefore reducing the biological activities and resulting in underestimation of net primary production and chlorophyll concentration. In the Pacific and the Southern Ocean, high-nutrient and low-chlorophyll result from the strong iron limitation. Alkalinity shows high biases in high-latitude oceans due to the strong convective mixing. The major discrepancy in biogeochemical fields is seen in the deep Northern Pacific. The simulated high concentration of nutrients, alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon water is too deep due to the excessive deep ocean remineralization. Despite these model-observation discrepancies, it is expected that the NESM v3 can be employed as a useful modeling tool to investigate large scale interactions between the ocean carbon cycle and climate change.

Yifei Dai et al.
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Yifei Dai et al.
Model code and software

NUIST-ESM v3 Y. Dai https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3344951

Yifei Dai et al.
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Short summary
NESM v3 is one of the CMIP6 registered earth system model. In this manuscript, we evaluate its ocean carbon cycle component, and present its current-day and future oceanic CO2 uptake based on CMIP6 historical and SSP8.5 scenarios. We hope that this manuscript can serve as a documentation of the marine biogeochemical cycle of the NESM v3. Also, the model defects found and their underlying causes analyzed in this manuscript could help for further model development.
NESM v3 is one of the CMIP6 registered earth system model. In this manuscript, we evaluate its...
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